Since 1993, our environmental laws have contained a number of general themes. Dominant among these is the notion of protection and preservation, which is now the main notion for management of land and marine resources, flora and fauna, beaches, reefs and natural habitats in the Maldives.
The Environmental Protection and Preservation Act 1993 is the foundation of Maldives' environmental law. It sets out how we manage our environment, including Waste Disposal, Oil and Poisonous Substances, Hazardous/ Toxic or Nuclear Wastes, Protected Areas and Natural Reserves and Environment Impact Assessment (EIA).
Resource management is currently effected through sector specific laws including Fisheries Laws, The Tourism Act of Maldives 1999, and Maritime Law of the Maldives. These might be referred to appropriate Government Ministries.
The Environmental Protection and Preservation Act 1993 administered by the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water and the Government policy under the Act requires that developers an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).